How to Beat the House Edge at Blackjack


Blackjack is a casino game that requires strategy, not just luck. Its popularity can be attributed to the fact that it has simple rules that anyone can grasp and which have remained consistent worldwide. Its enduring appeal is further enhanced by the house edge that can be reduced to sub-0.5% levels by following a defined strategy.

The objective of blackjack is to beat the dealer by obtaining a hand value of 21 or more on your first two cards. Each player is dealt two cards and the dealer also has a card hidden until their turn. The player has the choice of hitting, standing, splitting or doubling down. The player may also take insurance or surrender, although these options are not available at every table.

One of the most important aspects of blackjack is knowing when to hit and when to stand. Many novice players will play too conservatively, refusing to hit a 16 against a dealer’s 7, and they will hesitate to double down on pairs or split a pair of 2s against the dealer’s 4. This gives more money to the house than is necessary, because expert players know to take advantage of all opportunities.

Another crucial aspect of the game is understanding the math behind it. A basic strategy chart will show you what the best move is for each situation. For example, a chart will advise you to draw when you have a hand of 12 against a dealer’s 10. The dealer is likely to bust, and drawing a second card will increase your chances of winning. This is a simple concept, but it makes a huge difference in your bankroll.

There are a few other tricks that professional players use to improve their bankroll. The first is to set realistic goals for the number of hands they want to play per hour. This will help them avoid overspending and extend their playing time. They also take into account any buy-in and bet limits that the table has and how many blackjack tables are running at a given moment to make a reasonable judgment about how much they should wager.

A third key is to minimize side bets, as these will eat into your blackjack edge. These include insurance, which pays 2 to 1 if the dealer has blackjack and loses if he doesn’t, and various other bets on the likelihood of getting a certain type of card as your first two or the dealer having a particular type of card when his upcard is revealed.

It is also wise to always count the cards when playing blackjack, especially if you are playing with more than one deck. There are a variety of counting systems, but the most common is Hi-Lo. Keeping track of the count can help you deviate from basic strategy when it is in your favor, such as by hitting with 13 against a dealer’s 2. By doing this, you can increase your profits significantly.